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Reports, Statements and Guidelines


100 Women Experts working in Health Security 

WGH and WCAPS, August 2020

Five asks for Global Health Security, now and in the future 

Women in Global Health, August 2020

Letter to G20 Leaders on Healthy Recovery, 26 May 2020


The impact of sex and gender in the COVID-19 pandemic: Case Study

Sabine Oertelt-Prigione, May 2020, European Commission

COVID-19 AND MEN: CALL FOR ACTION. A statement by Global Action on Men’s Health

Global Action on Men’s Health, May 2020

WHO Gender and COVID-19 Advocacy Brief

WHO, 14 May 2020

COVID-19: Ensure women’s access to sexual and reproductive health and rights 

Council of Europe, 7 May 2020

Joint press statement Protecting Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and Promoting Gender-responsiveness in the COVID-19 crisis

Government offices of Sweden, 6 May 2020

Vulnerability Amplified: The Impact of The Covid-19 Pandemic on LGBTIQ People 

OutRight Action International, 6 May 2020

Promoting health equity, gender and ethnic equality, and human rights in COVID-­19 responses: Key considerations

PAHO, 30 April 2020

Gendered Impacts of the Pandemic in Palestine and Implications for Policy and Programming - Findings of a Rapid Gender Analysis of COVID-19 in Palestine

UN Women, 30 April 2020

Responses to the COVID-19 pandemic must not discount women and girls

OHCHR, April 2020

Mapping of online articles on Covid-19 and Gender 

UNESCO, 21 April 2020

Addressing Human Rights as Key to the COVID-19 Response

WHO, 21 April 2020 

call for urgent action: a renewed commitment to gender responsive research for health equity and human rights in the context of COVID-19 pandemic

GENDRO, 17 April 2020


EASE Statement on Quality Standards

EASE, 7 April 2020

COVID-19 and violence against women

WHO, 7 April 2020 

COVID-19 requires gender-equal responses to save economies

Isabelle Durant and Pamela Coke-Hamilton, 1 April 2020, UNCTAD

The recovery from the COVID-19 crisis must lead to a different economy

António Guterres, 31 March 2020, United Nations 

Interim Guidance: Gender Alert for COVID-19 Outbreak (developed by the IASC Reference Group for Gender in Humanitarian Action)

IASC, 31 March 2020

Call for a Feminist COVID-19 Policy

Feminist Alliance for Rights, March 2020, FAR

The COVID-19 Outbreak and Gender: Key Advocacy Points from Asia and the Pacific

UN Women, March 2020

News Stories


Gender and Covid-19 vaccines: Lack of data on gender differences could impact rollout

Aline Bottin, Annette Young, Camille Pauvarel, Stéphanie Cheval, 4 December 2020, France24

How anti-ageing drugs could boost COVID vaccines in older people

Cassandra Willyard, 14 October 2020, Nature

Most countries failing women and girls with Covid response, UN finds

Liz Ford, 29 September 2020, The Guardian

Not accounting for sex differences in Covid research could be deadly

Natalie Grover, 25 September 2020, The Guardian

Sex differential in COVID-19 mortality varies markedly by age

22 August 2020, The lancet

Women are on the frontlines in the fight against COVID-19

Rachel Jones, 24 July 2020, National Geographic

Promised, Mostly Never Paid: Rs 1,000 Covid Wage

Bhanupriya Rao, 10 June 2020, article14

Distress Among Health Workers In Covid-19 Fight

Bhanupriya Rao & Saumya Tewari, 9 June 2020, article14

'If I don't have sex I'll die of hunger': Covid-19 crisis for Rio's trans sex workers

Dom Phillips and Ian Cheibub, 21 May 2020, The Guardian

Health workers become unexpected targets during COVID-19

11 May 2020, The Economist

Black people four times more likely to die from Covid-19, ONS finds 

Robert Booth and Caelainn Barr, 7 May 2020, The Guardian

Sexism on the Covid-19 frontline: 'PPE is made for a 6ft 3in rugby player'

Alexandra Topping, 24 April 2020, The Guardian 

Women academics seem to be submitting fewer papers during coronavirus. ‘Never seen anything like it,’ says one editor.

Caroline Kitchener, 24 April 2020, The Lily 

UK cases of domestic abuse by female family members double

Gregory Robinson, 14 April 2020, The Guardian 

Why Covid-19 is different for men and women 

Martha Henriques,13th April 2020, BBC Future

Does Covid-19 Hit Women and Men Differently? U.S. Isn’t Keeping Track

Alisha Haridasani Gupta, 3 April 2020, NYT Gregory Robinson

Why This Economic Crisis Differs From the Last One for Women

Alisha Haridasani Gupta, 31 March 2020, NYT

The Gendered Impact of COVID-19 in Lebanon

Chebaro Abir, 26 March 2020, Daraj

Coronavirus puts women in the frontline

EIGE, 25 March 2020

Here's why the coronavirus may be killing more men than women. The US should take note

Katie Polglase et al, 24 March 2020, CNN

The Coronavirus Is a Disaster for Feminism

Helen Lewis, 19 March 2020, The Atlantic

As Cities Around the World Go on Lockdown, Victims of Domestic Violence Look for a Way Out

Melissa Godin, 18 March 2020, Time

Research Articles


Sex-disaggregated data in COVID-19 vaccine trials

Lavanya Vijayasingham, Evelyne Bischof, Jeannette Wolfe, 5 March 2021, The Lancet

Endothelial dysfunction in Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Gender and age influences

GuglielminaFroldi, PaolaDorigo, November 2020, Elsevier

Remdesivir for the Treatment of Covid-19 — Final Report

John H. Beigel, Kay M. Tomashek, Lori E. Dodd, Aneesh K. Mehta, Barry S. Zingman, Andre C. Kalil, Elizabeth Hohmann, Helen Y. Chu, Annie Luetkemeyer, Susan Kline, Diego Lopez de Castilla, Robert W. Finberg, et al., 8 October 2020, NEJM Group

Gender differences in preventing the spread of coronavirus

Irmak Olcaysoy Okten, Anton Gollwitzer, Gabriele Oettingen, 4 October, 2020, Behavioral science and policy association

Symptoms of a broken system: the gender gaps in COVID-19 decision-making

Robin van Daalen, Csongor Bajnoczki, Maisoon Chowdhury, Sara Dada, Parnian Khorsand, Anna Socha, Arush Lal, Laura Jung, Lujain Alqodmani, Irene Torres, Samiratou Ouedraogo, Amina Jama Mahmud, Roopa Dhatt, Alexandra Phelan, Dheepa Rajan, 1 October 2020, BMJ

Association between mental illness and COVID-19 susceptibility and clinical outcomes in South Korea: a nationwide cohort study

Seung Won Lee, Jee Myung Yang, Sung Yong Moon, In Kyung Yoo, Eun Kyo Ha, So Young Kim, et al, 27 September 2020, The Lancet

The influence of sex and gender domains on COVID-19 cases and mortality

Christina P. Tadiri, Teresa Gisinger, Alexandra Kautzy-Willer, Karolina Kublickiene, Maria Trinidad Herrero, Valeria Raparelli, Louise Pilote and Colleen M. Norris; for the GOING-FWD Consortium, 8 September 2020, CMAJ

Sex and gender differences in the outcome of patients with COVID-19

Shahab Falahi, Azra Kenarkoohi, 30 June 2020, Journal of Medical Virology

Impact of sex and gender on COVID-19 outcomes in Europe

Catherine Gebhard, Vera Regitz-Zagrosek, Hannelore K. Neuhauser, Rosemary Morgan & Sabra L. Klein, 25 May 2020, BMC

Estimating excess 1-year mortality associated with the COVID-19 pandemic according to underlying conditions and age: a population-based cohort study 

Amitava BanerjeeLaura PaseaSteve Harris, Arturo Gonzalez-Izquierdo,  Ana Torralbo, Laura Shallcross,  et al., 12 May 2020, The Lancet

Sex and Gender Differences in Health: What the COVID-19 Pandemic Can Teach Us

Primavera A. Spagnolo, JoAnn E. Manson, 8 May 2020, Annals of Internal Medicine

Using Intersectionality to Understand Who Is Most at Risk of Covid-19 

Professor Olena Hankivsky, University of Melbourne, 6 May 2020

Sex- and Gender-specific Observations and Implications for COVID-19

Lauren A. Walter, Alyson J. McGregor, 10 April 2020, PMC

A comparison study of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody between male and female COVID-19 patients: a possible reason underlying different outcome between gender.

Fanfan Zeng et al, 27 March 2020, medRxiv (pre-print) 

Prevalence and predictors of PTSS during COVID-19 Outbreak in China Hardest-hit Areas: Gender differences matter

Nianqi Liu et al, 16 March 2020, Elsevier 


Clinical characteristics and intrauterine vertical transmission potential of COVID-19 infection in nine pregnant women: a retrospective review of medical records

Huijun Chen, 07 March 2020, The Lancet

Gender differences in patients with COVID-19: Focus on severity and mortality

Jian-Min Jin et al, 05 March 2020, medRxiv (pre-print) 

The Impact of COVID-19 on Gender Equality

Titan Alon et al, March 2020, evolving project/publication

Commentaries and Opinion pieces


Population preferences for inclusive COVID-19 policy responses

Thierry Blayac, Dimitri Dubois, Sebastien Duchêne, Phu Nguyen-Van, Bruno Ventelou, Marc Willinger, 7 December 2020, The Lancet

Pushing the boundaries of data to ensure gender equality across the life span

Jessica K LevyMargaret E Greene, December 2020, The Lancet

The syndemic of COVID-19 and gender-based violence in humanitarian settings: leveraging lessons from Ebola in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Lindsay Stark, Melissa Meinhart, Luissa Vahedi, Simone E Carter, Elisabeth Roesch, Isabel Scott Moncrieff, Philomene Mwanze Palaku, Flore Rossi, Catherine Poulton, 18 November 2020, BMJ

COVID-19 and Sex-/Gender-Specific Differences: Understanding the Discrimination

Ariunzaya Amgalan, Ann Kinga Malinowski, Maha Othman, 3 September 2020, Thieme Medical Publishers

Sexist and incomplete data hold back the world’s Covid-19 response

Melinda Gates, 30 July 2020, Statnews

Men and #COVID19: A Biopsychosocial Approach to Understanding #SexDifferences in Mortality and Recommendations for Practice and Policy Interventions

Derek M. Griffith, Garima Sharma, Christopher S. Holliday, Okechuku K. Enyia, Matthew Valliere, Andrea R. Semlow, Elizabeth C. Stewart, Roger Scott Blumenthal, 16 July 2020, CDC

Biological sex impacts COVID-19 outcomes

Sabra L. Klein ,Santosh Dhakal,Rebecca L. Ursin,Sharvari Deshpande,Kathryn Sandberg,Franck Mauvais-Jarvis, 22 June 2020, PLOS Pathogens

Contraception and reproductive planning during the COVID-19 pandemic 

Edson Santos Ferreira-Filho ,Nilson Roberto de Melo,Isabel Cristina Esposito Sorpreso,Luis Bahamondes,Ricardo Dos Santos Simões,José Maria Soares-Júnior &Edmund Chada Baracat, 22 June 2020, Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology

Coronavirus Coverage and the Silencing of Female Expertise

Teresa Carr, 22 June 2020, UNDARK

The health, economic, and social effect of COVID-19 and its response on gender and sex: A literature review

Hannah Briggs, 3 June 2020, Population Council

Towards Precision Medicine: Inclusion of Sex and Gender Aspects in COVID-19 Clinical Studies—Acting Now before It Is Too Late—A Joint Call for Action

Evelyne Bischof, Sabine Oertelt-PrigioneRosemary MorganSabra L. Klein,The Sex and Gender in COVID19 Clinical Trials Working Group (SGC) and Gender and COVID19 Working Group, May 25, 2020, MDPI

Attacks against health-care personnel must stop, especially as the world fights COVID-19

Donna McKayMichele HeislerRanit MishoriHoward CattonOtmar Kloiber, May 20, 2020, The Lancet

What the COVID-19 Pandemic Can Teach Us 

Primavera A. Spagnolo, MD, PhD,  JoAnn E. Manson, MD, DrPHHadine Joffe, MD, MSc, May 8 2020, ACP Journals

The Pandemic’s Gender Imperative

Ann LindeArancha Gonzalez, May 8, 2020, Project Syndicate

Gender Matters: Covid-19’s Outsized Impact On Displaced Women And Girls 

Devon ConeMay 7, 2020, Refugees International

Impact of Covid-19 on Hijras, a Third-Gender Community in India 

Ina Goel, May 4, 2020, Society for cultural Anthropology

A call for action for COVID-19 surveillance and research during pregnancy 

Pierre BuekensJackeline AlgerGérard Bréart, Maria Luisa CafferataEmily HarvilleGiselle Tomasso, 22 April 2020, The Lancet

Sex and Gender Disparities in the COVID-19 Pandemic

Jewel Gausman, ScD, MHS and Ana Langer, MD, April 2020, Journal of Women's Health

Women and COVID-19: Studying the Impact of Sex and Gender 

Chloe E. BirdLori FrankAndrew W. DickMelanie A. ZaberDenise D. Quigley, Anula Jayasuriya, April 13, 2020, RAND blog

COVID-19 is an opportunity for gender equality within the workplace and at home

Clare Wenham, Julia Smith, Rosemary Morgan, 15 April 2020, BMJ Blogs


The gendered dimensions of COVID-19

Lancet Editorial, 11 April 2020, The Lancet 


Why WHO needs a feminist economic agenda

Asha Herten-Crabb and Sara E Davies, 28 March 28 2020, The Lancet 

A Gender Lens for COVID-19

Susan Papp and Mercy Hersh, 27 March 2020, Project Syndicate

Sex, gender and COVID-19: Disaggregated data and health disparities

Anna Purdie et al, 24 March 2020, in BMJ Global Health

Coronavirus: A Look at Gender Differences in Awareness and Actions

Brittni Frederiksen et al, 20 March, 2020, KFF

COVID-19: the gendered impacts of the outbreak

Clare Wenham, Julia Smith, Rosemary Morgan, 06 March 2020, The Lancet

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